How to Cite: ASA
ASA style is generally used by sociology. It features parenthetical citations and an alphabetized list of references at the end on a page titled References. Entries for the Reference page must be alphabetical and double-spaced, with the indent of the subsequent line one-half inch from the left margin. The most recent style guide for ASA citation can be found in the Reference Stacks on the 2nd floor of the library.
Please consult your professor for the citation style they prefer. Always follow any specific guidelines given by your professor, even if they differ from what is explained here.
General format: (Choose the format that best fits your book)
Lastname, Firstname. Year of publication. Title. City of Publication: Publisher Name.
Lastname, Firstname. Year of publication. Title. City of Publication: Publisher Name. Retrieved Date, (URL).
Format for chapter in a book:
Lastname, Firstname. Year of publication. "Chapter Title." Pp. #-# in Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher.
Bursik, Robert J., Jr. and Harold G. Grasmick. 1993. Neighborhoods and Crime: The Dimensions of Effective Community Control. New York: Lexington Books.
Chapter in a Volume of a Book
Clausen, John. 1972. "The Life Course of Individuals." Pp. 457-514 in Aging and Society. Vol. 3, A Sociology of Stratification, edited by M.W. Riley, M. Johnson, and A. Foner. New York: Russell Sage.
Hagen, John and Ruth D. Peterson, eds. 1995. Crime and Inequality. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Thomas, Jan E., ed. 2005. Incorporating the Woman Founders into Classical Theory Courses. Washington DC: American Sociological Association. Retrieved December 12, 2006 (http://www.enoah.net/ASA/ASAshopOnlineService/ProductDetails.aspx?.productID=ASAOE378T05E).
General format: (choose the one that fits best)
Lastname, Firstname. Year. "Title of Article." Title of Journal. Volume (Issue):page numbers of article.
Lastname, Firstname. Year. "Title of Article." Title of Journal. Volume (Issue):page numbers of article. doi
Lastname, Firstname. Year. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper/Magazine. Month Day, pp. page numbers of article.
Lastname, Firstname. Year. "Title of Article." Title of Journal. Volume (Issue):page numbers of article. Retrieved Date (database name).
There is no space between the colon and page numbers of an article.
In the case of a newspaper or magazine, the volume and issue information is replaced with the month and day. The year of publication is still placed immediately after the author, regardless of the type of periodical.
Print Journal Article
Aseltine, Robert H., Jr. and Ronald C. Kessler. 1993. "Marital Disruption and Depression in a Community Sample." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 34 (3):237-51.
Print Magazine or Newspaper Article
Ziff, Larzer. 1995. "The Other Lost Generation," Saturday Review, February 20, pp. 15-18.
Electronic Journal Article with DOI
Phillips, Reginald M., and S. H. Bonsteel, 2010. "The Faculty and Information Specialist Partnership Stimulating Student Interest and Experiential Learning." Nurse Educator, 35(3), 136-138. doi:10.1097/NNE.0b013e3181d95090
Electronic Journal Article without DOI
Menon, Nivedita. 2009. "Sexuality, Caste, Governmentality: Contests Over 'Gender' in India" Feminist Review 91:94-112. Retrieved November 2, 2010 (http://proquest.umi.com).
Author. Year. "Title of Article or Webpage." Place of Publication: Publisher. Retrieved Date (URL).
American Sociological Association 2006. “Status Committees.” Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. Retrieved December 12, 2006 (http://www.asanet.org/cs/root/leftnav/committees/committees).
Other ASA Guides